NOTE: For those of you participating in the live Webinar, the following link will open the documentation in a new browser window.
The following keystrokes may be useful in determining the font information at the current cursor location.
INSERT+F - speak font information at the cursor: Use this keystroke to have JAWS announce the font information at the location of the cursor. In Microsoft Word for example, the following information may be spoken:
NOTE: Press INSERT+F twice quickly to display the font information in the virtual viewer.
INSERT+5 on the numbers row - Speak font color: This command reads the font and background colors at the current cursor location. For example, if JAWS announces "black on white," this indicates the text color is black on a white background. Press the command twice quickly to have JAWS speak the RGB color values as well.
The Quick Settings dialog box, introduced in JAWS 13, is a replacement for the former Adjust JAWS Options dialog box. It is designed to make it easy to change application-specific settings. To open the Quick Settings dialog box press INSERT+V.
EXERCISE: Open Microsoft Word on your computer and follow along with the instructor to explore the Quick Settings available for Word.
Remember that any changes you make in Quick Settings will be saved for that application the next time you switch to it. The default for Quick Settings is to save changes to disk.
NOTE: Remember to press TAB to move to the read-only help text for any item in the tree view of Quick Settings, where you can find out more information about each particular setting. Press SHIFT+TAB to return to the tree view and continue exploring.
Note that some of the items have to be enabled in Word also for all of these to work. For example, paragraph markers must be turned on in Word so that they show visually. The keystroke for Word 2007 and later is ALT+H followed by 8. Track changes can be turned on by pressing CTRL+SHIFT+E. Both of these are toggle keystrokes.
When editing a document using speech only, inconsistencies such as unmatched parentheses, unintentional format changes, extra whitespace, and stray or unspaced punctuation can often be missed. The Text Analyzer feature is a tool that notifies you of these errors in your document by using a spoken message or WAV file. You can configure JAWS to announce discrepancies by count, by description, or by sound while proofreading the document by line, sentence, paragraph, or Say All command. Braille users will benefit from this since a sound can be emitted before the user has time to read the entire line looking for errors.
The Text Analyzer has the following four modes which you can get to by pressing INSERT+V. Type the word "text analyzer" in the search edit box.
NOTE: You can also press ALT+WINDOWS KEY+I at any time to have Text Analyzer move the cursor to the next inconsistency. This can be done even when Text Analyzer is turned off, and is an easy to quickly find potential errors in your document.
Here are two resources to help you learn more about Text Analyzer:
The default behavior of JAWS is to speak all text using the same voice. JAWS does not distinguish between different types of fonts or font attributes such as bolded or underlined text. Many people don't realize however that there is a powerful feature of JAWS that can alert you to many different types of font information and even the type or state of Windows controls. Use the Speech and Sounds Manager dialog box, found in Settings Center, to customize how JAWS provides you with different types of information. Information is communicated by different JAWS voices or even audible sounds. For example, a scheme could be created to have JAWS speak any blue text using a particular voice or play a certain sound to indicate that a check box is checked. Some of the types of information that can be configured are:
JAWS has over 20 built-in schemes that can be used for a wide variety of reading environments as well as a starting point for creating a custom scheme. To switch schemes press INSERT+ALT+S to activate the Select a Scheme dialog. Use the UP or DOWN ARROW keys to move through the list and press ENTER on the scheme you wish to activate.
Using the Select a Scheme dialog to switch schemes will only change the scheme for the active application. As soon as focus changes to another application, the default scheme specified in Settings Center will become active. When focus moves back to the original application though, the new scheme you selected will become active again. This behavior is similar to many other JAWS settings that are application specific.
The following table lists the built-in schemes that come with JAWS and directly apply to analyzing text formatting. Note that the default scheme that is active when JAWS is installed is the Classic scheme.
|Attributes and Colors||JAWS will announce attribute and color changes as you navigate text.|
|Classic||JAWS will behave like prior versions with Format and Text options switched off.|
|Classic (Attributes and Font Info)||JAWS will behave like prior versions with Format and Text options set to Speak attributes and font information.|
|Classic (Attributes)||JAWS will behave like prior versions with Format and Text options set to Speak attributes.|
|Classic (Attributes, Font, and Color)||JAWS will behave like prior versions with Format and Text options set to Speak attributes, font, and color information.|
|Classic with Quotes||JAWS will behave like prior versions except that quoted text is spoken using the quotation voice.|
|Colors||JAWS will announce color changes as you navigate text.|
|ProofReading (Attributes and Font Info)||JAWS will indicate text with various attributes and fonts using different voices.|
|ProofReading (Attributes)||JAWS will indicate text with various attributes using different voices.|
|ProofReading (Attributes, Font Info and Color)||JAWS will indicate text with various attributes and fonts using different voices. Color will also be announced.|
|Word Classic||JAWS will behave like prior versions with Format and Text options switched off, except that subscripts and superscripts are suppressed.|
Here are two resources to help you learn more about Speech and Sounds Manager:
EXERCISE: Open the sample RTF document and follow along with the instructor to practice some of the techniques we have discussed today.